The coral triangle region is known as the center of marine biodiversity. The six countries encompassing the region are Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor Leste.
Dr.Perry Alino, Coral Reef and Ecology expert of the University of the Philippines said that The Coral Reef Monitoring For Management guidebook will help local government units (LGUs) and fishermen to measure the effectiveness of their initiatives, especially in marine protective area (MPA).
It also provides a step by step instruction in drawing up a coral reef protection monitoring plan, survey methods, conducting a fish visual census, recording human activities and natural disturbances that could impact on the marine conservation and monitoring tropical fish reef catch.
In maintaining healthy coral reefs in the region is estimated to provide a net present value of at least $US 90,000 dollars per square kilometer per year derived from fisheries, tourism, coastal protection, health, livelihood, goods and services, Alino noted out.
The triangle contains 75% of the coral species in the world. About 53% of the world’s coral reefs that exhibit climate change resilience and 40% of all coral reef species are also found in the region.
However; overfishing, destructive fishing practices, unsustainable coastal development, pollution and impacts of climate change caused massive destruction in the coral triangle marine biodiversity.