Using coconut biofuel and solar panels, Tokelaua territory of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean which consists of three islands of Atafu, Nukunonu and Fakaofu, half way between New Zealand and Hawaii, plans to become self-sufficient in energy this year.
With petroleum prices rising above the US$ 100 a barrel the demand for biofuel has reached sky high as the European Union (EU) anticipated to double biofuel consumption by year 2020.
A small Philadelphia company, BlackGold Biofuel has developed a process for making biodiesel fuel out of a wide range of nonedible fats, oils and greases.
Hawaii has now become a key federal laboratory for biofuels because of its dependence on imported oil as well as its great weather for growing crops.
A greenhouse facility would be opened by Exxon Mobil Corporation to test whether large scale quantities of affordable fuel can be produced from algae.
The project to produce ethanol from sweet sorghum undertaken by the International Crops Research for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and Rusni Distilleries, both of India had achieved a breakthrough in their first production of ethanol flowing out the distillery.