Starting the summer of 2015, it is predicted that the Arctic sea ice could disappear thus destroying the natural habitat of polar bears and other animals in the region, according to a leading British ocean expert.
The Arctic holds one fifth of the world’s undiscovered, recoverable oil and natural gas, the United States Geological Survey estimates.
Scientists have estimated that the treeline could move 500 kilometers north by 2100 from now, according to Aevar Petersen, chair of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) which was based on their projections.
The waters off China, the Mediterranean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico have been featured in the the top five regions in terms of biodiversity according to the preliminary census published in the open access Public Library of Science. It is a result of a 10-year project by 360 scientists at a cost of US$ 650 million dollars.